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Teas

Tea growing countries

Every cup of good tea is the result of remarkable accomplishments by everyone involved in this wonderful, enjoyable product: from the experienced tea farmers in the countries of origin to the skilful pickers, and the individual skilled workers in the gardens who process the fresh tea leaves into high-quality dried tea. 

Besides the best-known and largest tea producing countries such as China, India, Kenya and Sri Lanka, there are larger and smaller tea growing areas all over the world that offer exciting, attractive varieties. If they meet our high standards of premium quality, they can be found in our portfolio.

The total world tea production in 2016 was 5,503,221 tons.
(Source: ITC Annual Bulletin of Statistics 2017)

We have marked the ten largest tea producing countries on the map for you (by production tonnage, Source: ITC Annual Bulletin of Statistics 2017). Please click on the coloured parts for further details.


India

Altitude:
Between 200 m (e.g. Assam) and 2,300 m (e.g. Darjeeling) and 2,500 m (Nilgiri)

Annual production:
1,267,360 tons (2016)
(Source: ITC Annual Bulletin of Statistics 2017)

Climate:
Hot from April to May. Humid from June to September during the monsoon. Lowest temperatures December to February (up to 25° C in the south, up to 15° C in the Ganges valley, and sometimes up to 0° C. in the north-west)

Main harvest time:
Darjeeling: spring (first flush), summer (second flush), autumn (autumnal), in northern India: March to November, southern India: year-round

Main cultivation areas:
Northern India: Darjeeling, Assam, Dooars, Sikkim and Terrai
Southern India: Nilgiri and Kerala

China

Altitude:
Varies greatly depending on the province

Annual production:
2,350,000 tons (2016)
(Source: ITC Annual Bulletin of Statistics 2017)

Climate:
In the summer, a great deal of rain due to monsoon. Except for coastal areas strongly influenced by continental climates with very different climates: very dry deserts, areas with cold winters, temperate, subtropical and tropical areas. There is a risk of typhoons in the south and southeast

Main harvest time:
March/April to September

Main cultivation areas:
Anhui, Zhejiang, Hubei, Jiangsu, Sichuan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan, Fujian, Guangxi, Guangdong including Hainan, Henan

Sri Lanka (also known as Ceylon in tea circles)

Altitude:
Low grown (below 650 m), medium grown (between 650 and 1,300 m), high grown (above 1,300 m)

Annual production:
292,574 tons (2016)
(Source: ITC Annual Bulletin of Statistics 2017)

Climate:
Tropical with different rainfall conditions due to the effect of the monsoons. Southwest always moist with two precipitation maxima in May and October. On the northeast and east coast only low precipitation and this between November and December. Annual average temperatures of between 22° C. and 33° C. In Nuwara Eliya (altitude up to 1,900 m) they can drop to freezing.

Main harvest time:
Alternating with the monsoons from June to September and from December to March

Main cultivation areas:
Uva, Dimbula, Nuwara Eliya and Kandy

Japan

Altitude:
Different altitudes in the different prefectures

Annual production:
77,100 tons (2016)
(Source: ITC Annual Bulletin of Statistics 2017)

Climate:
Varies: regions with a cold climate with cold and snowy winters to subtropical zones, additionally influenced by winds. Precipitation maximum between June and July due to monsoons. In summer and autumn risk of typhoons

Main harvest time:
April to September

Main cultivation areas:
Shizuoka, Kyushu, Shikoku, Kyoto/Uji, Honshu, Hokkaido

Indonesia

Altitude:
Java 600 m-1,900 m, Sumatra 650 m-1,500 m

Annual production:
125,500 tons (2016)
(Source: ITC Annual Bulletin of Statistics 2017)

Climate:
Tropical, tempered by sea winds. Average annual temperature 27° C. High humidity. Zones with varying rainfall. Dry season generally from April to October

Main harvest time:
In Sumatra uniform quality throughout the year. In Java production of top quality during the dry season from July to September

Main cultivation areas:
Sumatra, Java

Vietnam

Altitude:
0-650 m

Annual production:
180,000 tons (2016)
(Source: ITC Annual Bulletin of Statistics 2017)

Climate:
Warm to hot temperatures year-round and high humidity throughout the tropical monsoon climate. Most rainfall between May and October with the southwest monsoon

Main harvest time:
End of April to November

Kenya

Altitude:
Between 1,500 and 2,700 m

Annual production:
473,011 tons (2016)
(Source: ITC Annual Bulletin of Statistics 2017)

Climate:
Tropical, humid climate with particularly high humidity. There are two longer rain periods, in spring and autumn

Main harvest time:
All year round

Main cultivation areas/districts: Kericho, Nandi, Limuru-Kiambu, Nyeri and Meru

Turkey

Annual production:
253,312 tons (2016)
(Source: ITC Annual Bulletin of Statistics 2017)

Argentina

Annual production:
84,000 tons (2016)
(Source: ITC Annual Bulletin of Statistics 2017)

Climate:
Rainy area in the north east of Argentina

Main growing area: Province Misiones

Bangladesh

Annual production:
82,721 tons (2016)
(Source: ITC Annual Bulletin of Statistics 2017)